Tourism

 

Tourism



Tourism focuses on the country's natural landscapes and its rich history and is a significant contributor to the Romania's economy. In 2006, the domestic and international tourism generated about 4.8% of gross domestic product and 5.8% of the total jobs (about half a million jobs). Following commerce, tourism is the second largest component of the services sector. Tourism is one of the most dynamic and fastest developing sectors of the economy of Romania and characterized by a huge potential for development. According to the World Travel and Tourism Council Romania is the fourth fastest growing country in the world in terms of travel and tourism total demand with a yearly potential growth of 8% from 2007-2016. Number of tourists grew from 4.8 million in 2002 to 6.6 million in 2004. Similarly, the revenues grew from 400 million in 2002 to 607 million in 2004.
In 2006, Romania registered 20 million overnight stays by international tourists, an all-time record, but the number for 2007 – 2008 is expected to increase even more.
Over the last years, Romania has emerged as a popular tourist destination for many Europeans (more than 60% of the foreign visitors were from EU countries), thus attempting to compete with Bulgaria, Greece, Italy and Spain. Romania destinations are among the most popular attraction For their medieval atmosphere and castles, Transylvanian cities such as Sibiu, Braşov, Sighişoara, Cluj-Napoca, Târgu Mureş have become important touristic attractions for foreigners. Rural tourism focused on folklore and traditions, has become an important alternative recently and is targeted to promote such sites as Bran and its Dracula's Castle, the Painted churches of Northern Moldavia or the Wooden churches of Maramureş, Other major natural attractions in Romania such as Danube Delta , Bicaz Gorges , Caves and several other places have yet to receive great attention.
The relief diversity, the temperate climate with hot summers and winters rich in snow, the multiculturalism reflected in the entire cultural life of the country, turns Romania into a holiday destination that can cater for the most diversified tastes. In Romania you will encounter high mountains piercing the sky, the sunny Black Sea shore, the miraculous Danube Delta, but also the architectural, religious and historical monuments belonging to the worldwide patrimony: Saxon fortified churches, monasteries with exterior frescos, more than 2 millennia old Dacian cities.
Romania possesses an impressive artistic and cultural patrimony, including unique monuments that are remarkable expressions of the Romanians’ creativity throughout the centuries, whose value and necessity of preservation has determined their addition to the UNESCO world patrimony.


UNESCO Heritage Sites



Name/Location

Region/County

Description

Danube Delta

Dobruja/Tulcea County

Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve

Villages in Transylvania

Transylvania

Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania

1

Biertan

Sibiu County

The site of Biertan with the fortified church and a part of the town.

2

Câlnic, Alba

Alba County

Village of Câlnic.

3

Dârjiu

Harghita County

Village of Dârjiu.

4

Prejmer

Braşov County

Village of Prejmer.

5

Saschiz

Mureş County

Village of Saschiz.

6

Valea Viilor

Sibiu County

Village of Valea Viilor.

7

Viscri

Braşov County

Village of Viscri.

Monastery of Horezu

Oltenia/Vâlcea County

The Monastery of Horezu

Moldavian Churches

Moldavia

Painted churches of northern Moldavia

1

Arbore

Suceava County

"The Decollation of Saint John the Baptist" Church of Arbore village.

2

Humor

Suceava County

The Assumption of the Virgin and of Saint George's Church of the old Humor Monastery.

3

Moldoviţa

Suceava County

The Church of the Annunciation of Moldoviţa Monastery.

4

P?tr?uţi

Suceava County

Sacred Cross' Church of P?tr?uţi.

5

Probota

Suceava County

Saint Nicolas' Church of Probota Monastery.

6

Suceava

Suceava County

Saint George's Church of Suceava.

7

Voroneţ

Suceava County

Saint George's Church of the former Voroneţ Monastery.

Sighişoara

Transylvania/Mureş County

Historic centre of Sighişoara

Maramureş Wooden Churches

Transylvania

Wooden Churches of Maramureş

1

Bârsana

Maramureş County

The Church of the Presentation of the Virgin at the Temple in Bârsana.

2

Budeşti

Maramureş County

The Church of Saint Nicholas in Budeşti.

3

Deseşti

Maramureş County

The Church of the Holy Paraskeva in Deseşti.

4

Ieud

Maramureş County

The Church of the Nativity of the Virgin in Ieud Deal.

5

Plopiş/Siseşti Commune

Maramureş County

The Church of the Holy Archangels in Plopiş.

6

Poienile Izei

Maramureş County

The Church of the Holy Parasceve in Poienile Izei.

7

Rogoz/Târgu L?puş

Maramureş County

The Church of the Holy Archangels in Rogoz.

8

Şurdeşti/Siseşti Commune

Maramureş County

The Church of the Holy Archangels in Şurdeşti.

Dacian Fortresses

Transylvania

Dacian Fortresses of the Or?ştie Mountains


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